Michigan’s Safety Belt Law Enforcement Guide.
Restraint Use Requirements
|0-3||Must be in a CRS* (257.710d)|
|4-7 & under 4’9″||Properly secured in CRS+ (257.710e)|
|8 -15||Must wear properly adjusted and fastened safety belt (257.710e)|
|16 and older||Driver & front positions, must wear properly adjusted and fastened safety belt. (257.710e)|
Safety belt must be worn over the shoulder; not under the arm. Follow vehicle manufacturers recommendations.
* Child Restraint System must comply with Title 49 C.F.R 571.213.
+ Child Restraint System for older children are often referred to as booster seats & must comply with Title 49 C.F.R. 571.213.
Vehicles Manufactured With Shoulder Belts
According to Federal Motor Vehicle Standards
|Model Year||Vehicle Type||Restraint
|1971-present||Passenger Car (Hard Tops)||Front Shoulder Belts*|
|1990-present||Passenger Car (Hard Tops)||Front & Rear Shoulder Belts*|
|1992-present||Convertibles, Trucks under 10,000 lbs, and MPVs||Front & Rear Shoulder Belts*|
* Lap belt only is required in middle seat
Exemptions From the Law
|Vehicle Exemptions||Personal Exemptions|
|Motor vehicles manufactured prior to January 1, 1965.||Driver or passenger with written physician verification that they are unable to wear a safety belt for physical or medical reasons.
|Buses, taxicabs, mopeds, motorcycles, trucks over 10,000 pounds, commercial and postal service motor vehicles making frequent stops, and motor vehicles not required to be equipped with safety belts under federal law.||If there are more passengers than safety belts and all safety belts are used, remaining passengers, 4 to 15 years of age, may ride unrestrained in other than the front seat, or in the front seat if the motor vehicle is a pick-up truck without an extended cab or jump seats|
Click it or Ticket Information
The “Click it or Ticket” campaign is a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration campaign aimed at increasing the use of seatbelts among young people in the United States. This campaign relies heavily on targeted advertising aimed at teens and young adults and was adopted by Michigan as a result of an upgrade to the safety belt law in March 2000. The campaign’s focus is increasing awareness of and compliance with Michigan’s safety belt and child passenger safety laws.
Seat belts are the most effective safety feature ever invented and have helped save thousands of lives. Sadly, one in five Americans fail to regularly wear a seat belt when driving or riding in a motor vehicle. By maintaining the “Click It or Ticket” brand and awareness, we will continue to reduce seat belt fatalities on America’s roads.
Safety belts can prevent serious injury and even death during a crash. In 2013, there were 273,891 crashes in Michigan alone. As a result of those crashes, 70,518 people were injured and 936 lost their lives. There have been several studies conducted that show that 3 out of 5 of these victims would have survived if they had buckled up.
Before 1980, usage of seatbelts in the United States lingered around 11% despite volunteer and educational campaigns at local, county, and state levels. Between 1980 and 1984, individual organizations, public education programs, incentives and policy changes strove to increase the use of seatbelts. However, these efforts failed to significantly affect usage in large metropolitan areas and only increased the national seatbelt usage to 15%.
With an increase of educational campaigns, increased media attention, and the hard work of State and Local Governments, the use of seatbelts by Michigan drivers has increased to 93.6% in 2012. However, the goals of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Office of Highway Safety Planning, and the Livonia Police Department are to increase this percentage to 98% by 2016.
To help reach this goal, the Livonia Police Department continues to partner with the Office of Highway Safety Planning by participating in the “Click it or Ticket” campaign every year. These campaigns run from May 19th through June 2nd and from August 15th through September 1st. Every campaign is preceded by an extensive media blitz and every “seatbelt zone” is clearly posted. Our goal is to save lives and reduce injuries by increasing seatbelt use, not to just write tickets. Seatbelt use prevents injuries and prevents deaths. Protect yourself and the ones you love by buckling up every time you get in a motor vehicle.
The reality is that traffic crashes are devastating. We lose the equivalent of a fully loaded 737 airplane each day in this country on our highways due to traffic crashes. While America continues to wage a full-scale war against terrorism, both on our own soil and overseas, why do we continue to accept and tolerate the reality that traffic crashes claim lives every day?
Safety belts can prevent serious injury and even death in a crash. 1,328 persons were killed and 112,292 persons injured in traffic crashes in Michigan during 2001. Less than half of the people killed were wearing a safety belt. Studies show that 3 out of 5 of these victims likely would have survived if they had buckled up.
The public knows they should buckle up for safety. But despite this awareness, research shows that many are not taking the steps necessary to protect themselves and their children on every ride.
Many people are under the mistaken notion that trips around home are safe, and they fail to make it a point that everyone buckles up. The truth is, most traffic crashes happen close to home – where people do the most driving.
Michigan law requires:
- All front seat passengers to be buckled up
- All passengers under age 16 to be buckled up, in all seating positions
- All children under age 4 to be in an approved child safety seat, in all seating positions
Protect yourself and the ones you love. Buckle up on every trip.
The Office of Highway Safety Planning (OHSP) is pleased to announce that the statewide safety belt use rate has bounced back from 80 percent just after Memorial Day to 82.9 percent following the Labor Day holiday. We believe that this happened because of your commitment to make safety belt enforcement a priority. Thank you for your efforts!
Unfortunately, the safety belt use rate has not increased since the law changed to primary enforcement over two years ago. To achieve our goal of 90 percent belt use by 2003, as other states have already done, enforcement must continue to persuade the public to buckle up by conducting periodic, highly-visible enforcement. We are relying on your efforts to make a difference!
Every hour, at least one person in this country dies because he or she didn’t buckle up. Failure to use a seat belt contributes to more fatalities than any other single traffic safety-related behavior.
Seat belts save lives every day: Seat belts are the most effective safety devices in vehicles today, estimated to save 9,500 lives each year.
Seat belts prevent injury: Seat belts and child safety seats help prevent injury by
- Preventing ejection from the vehicle.
- Shifting crash forces to the strongest parts of the body’s structure.
- Spreading forces over a wide area of the body.
- Allowing the body to slow down gradually.
- Protecting the head and spinal cord.
How to wear your seat belt: To get the most benefit out of your seat belt, you should wear it low over the pelvis with the bottom edge touching the tops of the thighs. The shoulder belt must be worn over the shoulder and across the chest, not under the arm and over the abdomen. Make certain that the shoulder belt is not worn so loosely that it does not slide off your shoulder. Pregnant women should wear the lap belt below the abdomen and the shoulder belt above the belly and over their shoulder. Wearing a seatbelt is not only mandatory, but it must also be properly worn and adjusted!
The numbers show it: If 90 percent of motorists on our nation’s roads buckled up, we would prevent an estimated 5,536 additional fatalities and 132,700 additional injuries annually.
Wear your lap belt and shoulder belt: Research has found that proper use of lap/shoulder belts reduces the risk of fatal injury to front seat passenger car occupants by 45 percent and the risk of moderate-to-critical injury by 50 percent (for occupants of light trucks, 60 percent and 65 percent respectively).
Children must be restrained in safety seats: Child safety seats, used correctly in passenger cars, reduce the risk of death by 71 percent for infants and by 54 percent for toddlers. In light trucks, the corresponding reductions are 58 percent and 59 percent, respectively.
Parents and caretakers are role models: Observations showed that if a driver is wearing a seat belt, 86 percent of the time toddlers will also be restrained. If the driver is not wearing a seat belt, however, only 24 percent of the time will toddlers be restrained.
Airbags alone don’t prevent injury: Even if your car has airbags, always wear your seat belt. Airbags are supplemental restraint systems that work with seat belts, not in place of them. They help protect adults in a frontal crash, but they don’t provide protection in side or rear impact crashes or in rollovers.
There’s no excuse: Fear of entrapment during vehicle fire or submersion is not a valid reason for not wearing seat belts. Only one-half of one percent of all crashes ends in fire or submersion. Most crash fatalities result from the force of impact or from being thrown from the vehicle, not from being trapped. Ejected occupants are four times as likely to be killed as those who remain inside the vehicle.
Buckle up every time you enter a vehicle: Seat belts should be worn at all times, even on short trips close to home. Three out of four fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of the crash victims’ home. Most crashes causing death or injury occur at speeds below 40 miles per hour.
Public Act NO. 29 of 1999
Effective March 10, 2000
0 Point Civil Infraction